of Scotland, Edinburgh
and beauty unite this proud capital, dubbed 'The Athens of the
North'. It is a tale of two cities where a dramatic balance exists
between the high, dark buildings of the medieval Old Town and
the classical architecture of the Georgian New Town. The Georgian
period also saw the city grow as a cultural centre -- a tradition
kept alive today by the annual summer Edinburgh Festival.
of replicas moulded from ancient Pictish stones, rare Scottish
brasses and medieval church brasses, with facilities for making
A collection of monuments mark 350ft hill, with magnificent
views of castle and Arthur's Seat. Part reproduction of Parthenon,
and replica of Lysicrates' monument show why city is known as
'Athens of the North'. Nearby stand City Observatory and mon-uments
to Bums and Nelson.
Observation tower near castle, with panoramic views of
city. Guide tells story of Edinburgh while visitors watch revolving
image of city.
Restored 17th-century church, built by order of James VII
to serve parishioners of Canongate, Palace of Holyroodhouse and
Edinburgh Castle. Buried in the churchyard are economist Adam
Smith and 18th-century poet Robert Fergusson.
Has served as a courthouse and prison since it was built
in 1591. Building now houses The Pee pie's Story -- an exhibition
which illustrates the life and works of Edinburgh citizens, from
late 18th century to present day. Also includes restored prison
The Heriot-Watt University, founded in 1854, stands among
buildings of the University of Edinburgh, founded 1582. Robert
Adam designed impressive 'Old College' in 1789.
City Art Centre
Converted warehouse with four floors of changing exhibitions
and displays from the city's collection of paintings.
Home of Scottish kings and queens from centuries past,
dominating the city from its perch of volcanic rock. The Scottish
Crown jewels are kept in the Old Royal Palace, where Mary, Queen
of Scots gave birth to future King James VI of Scotland, James
I of England. Within castle walls are National War Memorial, 13ft
long Mons Meg cannon and the city's oldest building -- 12th-century
St Margaret's chapel.
An eerie atmosphere is evoked with sounds, smells and settings
based on Scotland's history in the 'Historical Torture Museum'.
Edinburgh University Collection of Historic
More than 1000 items including around 350 woodwind instruments,
250 stringed and 150 brass. Also percussion and bagpipes.
Oldest in the world, built 1903 in Princes Street Gardens.
Almost l2 ft in diameter and filled with 230,000 flowers.
selection of rooms furnished as they might have been during the
city's 'Golden Age' in 1796. China, silver and furniture. Bathroom
with mahogany and brass lavatory. House lies in elegantly designed
Charlotte Square, which dates from late 18th century.
17th-century six-storey tenement, with main floors restored as
typical home of the period. Contains remarkable painted ceilings.
Copies of 17th-century goods in replica shop booth.
of the signing of the National Covenant in 1638, rejecting Anglicanism
and asserting Scotland's right to decide its own destiny. Outside
is a statue of 'Greyfriars Bobby'; famous Skye terrier who watched
over his master's grave in the kirkyard for 14 years.
ruins uf Chapel Royal of Holyroodhouse, founded in 1128 by King
David I. Old vault contains the remains of several Scottish monarchs.
museum of local history, housed in a restored 16th-century town
mansion. Includes National Covenant of 1638 and collections of
Edinburgh silver and glass.
in house with numerous gables, outside stair and elaborate carvings,
dating from 15th century. Associated with John Knox, Scotland's
religious reformer, and James Mossman, goldsmith to Mary, Queen
of Scots. Gold-smith's workshop and Knox's library with 'preaching
window', from which he is said to have addressed crowds below.
devoted to Scotland's greatest literary figures: Robert Burns,
Sir Walter Scott and Robert Louis Stevenson. Includes portraits,
relics and manuscripts.
of the city's oldest surviving buildings, dating from the 16th
century, notable for its stained-glass windows. Now serves as
chapel of Heriot-Watt University.
cross, containing part of the 14th-century original, is still
the appointed place for royal proclamations. Here in 1513 crowds
heard of the death of James IV at Flodden Field.
museum devoted solely to the history of childhood. Vast collection
of historic toys, dolls, games, books and costumes.
Gallery of Scotland
collection of Scottish paintings. Also has masterpieces from the
Renaissance to 20th century, by artists such as Raphael, Rembrandt
and Van Gogh.
Doric pillars, modelled on the Parthenon, commemorating Scottish
dead in the Napoleonic Wars. Intended to be a church, but funds
dried up two years after work started in 1824.
1815, lO6 ft high, with magnificent views over city and Firth
of Forth from parapets. Naval flags are flown each year on October
21 to commemorate Nelson's victory and death at the battle of
across the chasm formed when the Nor' Loch was drained in 1760,
it divides the Old and New towns. The current cast-iron bridge
dates from the 1890s.
pattern of cobble-stones set in pavement, marks site of vanished
15th-century prison, demolished in 1817. It provided the opening
scene in Sir Walter Scott's famous romantic novel Heart of Midlothian.
official Scottish residence of the Queen dates from the late 15th
century, but was reconstructed for Charles II in the 17th century.
Mary, Queen of Scots came here in 1561 and stayed for six tragic
years. State apartments house tapestries, paintings and furniture,
and the picture gallery has portraits of 89 Scottish kings. Adjoining
palace is Holyrood Park, rich in animal and plant life.
1632-9, seat of the Scottish government until Union with England
in 1707. Now the supreme law courts of Scotland. Parliament Hall
is a Gothic chamber, 120ft long, with a fine hammerbeam roof and
portraits by Raeburn. Statue of Sir Walter Scott stands beside
greatest thoroughfare, built in 1805, famous for its shops, public
buildings and spectacular panorama of the Old Town and castle.
its south side is flanked by fine gardens. At one end is the Scott
Museum of The Royal Scots
with memorabilia of the British Army's most senior Regular Regiment,
formed in 1633. Displays include silver, weapons, medals and campaign
Adams building, designed in 1722, has Scottish National archives
from the 12th century.
statue of novelist Sir Walter Scott.
High Kirk of Edinburgh with its famous spire.
And much, much, more………….