of Scotland, Glencoe and The Great Glen
Great Glen, a chain of narrow lochs marking a giant geological
fracture of the land, cuts across a wild and lovely landscape
of peaks, lakes and rivers overlooked by Britain's highest mountain,
the giant Ben Nevis. Ruined forts and glens emptied by the 19th-century
Clearances testify to the violence that marked the slow end of
the traditional Highland way of life. Glencoe.
Achnacarry House has
been seat of Camerons of Lochiel since 1660. Present building
dates from 1802, has Gothic decoration, crenellated parapet and
corner turrets. Clan Cameron Museum, housed in reconstructed 17th-century
croft house, commemorates role of Camerons in the armed forces.
Lighthouse marks entrance
to Loch Linnhe's tide race. Superb walks in surrounding woods
and mountains. Behind Corran village is steep mountain with waterfall
known as MacLean's Towel.
Access to 6400 acre National
Trust estate with woodland walks, lochs and streams. National
Trust for Scotland information centre. Lochalsh Woodland Garden
was established in 1887 for Lochalsh House. Converted Coach House
is visitor centre.
Locality near south end
of Caledonian Canal, by set of eight locks forming Neptune's Staircase.
Locks, built 1822, climb 64ft in 1 mile. Walk of 1 1/2 miles up
canal bank leads to Torcastle Farm and ruins of Tor Castle, overlooking
Also known as Main Ratagain
Pass. Steep road zigzagging up to 1,116tt was for centuries major
strategic route through Western Highlands. View from the top over
little Loch Shiel, Shiel Bridge and Loch Duich.
Britain's highest peak
rises 4,406ft above sea level. Massive, round-shouldered hulk
with steep cliffs on its north face. Rough 5 mile long footpath
leads to mountain's summit from Achintree House near Fort William.
Initial strenuous climb levels out at 2,500ft; summit offers views
stretching for more than 100 miles from Great Glen to Atlantic
Iron Age Pictish fort,
or broch, overlooking bay at junction of Loch Duich and Loch Alsh.
Fort has walls 9ft thick and 13ft high, and a huge triangular
block above the doorway. Wall chambers, part of staircase and
part of gallery also remain standing.
Series of 28 locks and
cuts stretching along 22 miles of the Great Glen. Links 43 miles
of lochs to create route between east and west coasts, through
spectacular scenery of mountains and glens. Built mainly in early
19th century by Thomas Telford.
Hamlet on an ancient
site, with a chambered cairn, or passage grave, of about 2000
BC. Mound 60ft across contains 23ft long passage into central
chamber with fine corbelled roof.
Woodland garden with
heathers, azaleas and rhododendrons over-looks Skye and Raasay.
Remains of Iron Age fort
stand on cliff top, above precipitous side of gorge. Protecting
wall is 14ft thick, 8ft high, and curves from cliff edge to cliff
edge. Wall has internal chambers and entrance passage.
MacRae stronghold dates
from 13th century. Ruined by naval bombardment in 1719, rebuilt
earlier this century. Causeway, three-arched bridge and gateway
with portcullis lead through walls up to 14ft thick. Restored
chambers, billeting room and banquet hall with furnishings.
Tumbling down 750ft cleft,
falls make single leap of 350ft. Among highest falls in Britain.
Also known as The Hidden Falls because of inaccessibility. Best
approached along 5 mile track from car park at Dorusduain. Round
trip takes five hours.
Village spanning six
locks bringing Caledonian Canal into Loch Ness. Great Glen Heritage
Exhibition covers local history. Fort built after 1715 Jacobite
uprising named after Duke of Cumberland, Prince William Augustus.
Site of fort now occupied by 19th-century St Benedict's Abbey,
now a school. Inchnacardoch Forest Trail begins 2 miles from village
Small town at foot of
Ben Nevis provides base for climbers planning to scale Britain's
highest mountain. Fort built in 17th century, demolished in 1850s.
West Highland Museum focuses on regional history, including 1745
uprising. Scottish crafts and Ben Nevis Exhibition. Three miles
east, Nevis Range Gondola takes visitors 1 1/2 miles up mountain.
made glen's woods, crags and tumbling waters famous. Glen links
lochs Affric and Beinn a' Mheadhoin (Benevean) and forms part
of long-distance path to Kintail. Several one to three-hour walks
marked from Dog Falls and car park between lochs Affric and Beinn
Stone cross marks site
where 38 Jacobite MacDonalds were murdered by their guests, pro-English
Campbells, in 1692. Surrounding mountains provide walks and rock
climbs. Visitor centre with story of massacre and local ecology.
Glencoe and North Loin Folk Museum displays clan and Jacobite
Small harbour at foot
of Glen More, backed by hills of Glenshiel Forest. North lie remains
of Ber-nera Barracks, 18th-century English military headquarters.
To south are Iron Age Pictish forts Dun Telve and Dun Troddan,
best-preserved on Scottish main-land; double walls once 40-50ft
high, now only 25-30ft; spiralling galleries and chambers remain.
Fishing village at head
of Loch Shiel. Pillar, 65ft high, erected in 1815 to commemorate
Bonnie Prince Charlie's 1745 arrival to raise Highland army. Spiral
stair-case inside pillar leads to parapet with views over Loch
Shiel. Visitor centre contains displays on the prince's campaign
from Glenfinnan to Derby.
In lee of high moorland
hills, picnic area at east end of Loch Garry is start of 2 mile
long walk through Glengarry Forest to impressive Falls of Garry.
Forest comprises mostly conifers.
Cave where Bonnie Prince
Charlie hid in 1746 after defeat lies 1 mile west of An Reithe,
and can be reached by lengthy walk from the west end of heavily
wooded glen. Roadside cairn commemorates Roderick Mackenzie, one
of the prince's bodyguards, killed when mistaken for him.
One of Scotland's loveliest
valleys with varied terrain of rivers, crags and steep wooded
gullies. At eastern end, flanked by steep tracks, is 1,250ft 'water
slide', Allt Coire Eoghain, tumbling from flanks of Ben Nevis.
Road runs through valley
with mountains rising over 3,000ft on both sides; Five Sisters
of Kintail to east and The Saddle to west.
Busy little port that
expanded when railhead was built in 1897. From hilltop nearby
superb views westwards over Skye.
The deepest lake in Britain,
reaching 1,017ft at its eastern end, this glacier-carved loch
is 12 miles long. Like Loch Ness, it is said to have a monster
-- Morag. Morar, hillside village on narrow neck of land above
loch, looks across sea towards Rhum and Eigg.
Nearby slopes bear ruin
of Invergarry Castle, former Macdonnell stronghold -- destroyed
by Duke of Cumberland because Bonnie Prince Charlie stayed there
before and after his defeat at Culloden. One mile south is Well
of Seven Heads, monument erected in 1812 by Alastair Macdonnell
to recall revenge taken on seven murderers of his clan in 1660s.
White houses line the
shore of an inlet in Loch Canon, with gardens and palm trees encouraged
by warmth of Gulf Stream. Sheltered anchorage for yachts.
Loch-side village with
superb views up Loch Leven. Monument to James Stewart who was
wrongfully hanged there in 1752 for murdering a Campbell.
Hamlet with 1819 bridge
over fast-flowing River Spean. Commando Memorial, with Scott Sutherland
sculpture nearby, was erected in 1952 to commemorate the commandos
trained in surrounding area during World War II.
Village at mouth of River
Strontian is base for salmon and sea-trout fishing. Walks include
7 mile Ariundle Nature Trail, passing old mine workings and derelict
village of Scotstown. The village gave its name to the mineral
strontianite, from which the element strontium comes.